10 openings every chess player should memorize
Chess has been one of the most popular strategy board games for over a millennium. Since 1873, international championships have been held around the world as chess has become a sport. Despite the game’s global popularity, breaking into the highest level of chess is no small feat.
There are currently over 1700 people who have become Chess Grandmasters since the title became available in 1950. Although these players are the best of the best, there are still many people who aim to achieve their own success in the game. To get good at chess, however, you need to be able to play a solid opening, avoiding the classic pitfalls players have been setting themselves for centuries.
Although there are hundreds of different chess openings, some offer much more success to players, providing more advantageous positions and allowing for larger exchanges. Whether to use them to surprise your opponent or to avoid falling into catastrophic and embarrassing traps, here are ten openings to memorize to get a good foundation in the game of chess.
Checkmate in two moves is a quick win for black, resulting in a rather embarrassing defeat for white. To do this, white must open by moving the pawn to F2; whether the pawn is moved to F3 or F4 makes no difference. Black then responds by moving the pawn to E7, again to E6 or E5. This opens up the dark queen, giving her the ability to strike.
If white then moves the pawn from G2 to G4, he has sealed his fate. Black can simply move his queen from his starting position on D8 to H4, giving white’s king a diagonal check. From this position, the black queen cannot be taken or blocked by any of the white pieces, the white king being completely pinned. This variation can also occur if white opens with the pawn at G4, then plays the pawn at F3 or F4 on his second turn; black, however, must open with a pawn at E6 or E5.
Knowing the details of the bishop’s mate is essential, whether you’re playing white or black. Being able to identify white’s mistake can lead to a quick and easy victory for the black player. As a white person, knowing the flaws of this opening can save you from an embarrassing loss.