The method of “precision agriculture”, one of the many scientific impulses to improve agriculture in India
NEW DELHI – As the strongest pillar on which our ancient societies have relied from time immemorial, farming as a profession has had a lasting impact on the economy as well as the quality of life of the Common Indian. However, even with the use of new technologies and rapid advancements in research and development, there has been less progress than expected in the agriculture or animal husbandry or fisheries sector. in recent decades.
Although the Green Revolution of the 1970s and 1980s appeared to have had a strong impact in terms of increasing crop yields and boosting agricultural productivity, the technology should have penetrated other relatively less wealthy states.
As some states that were already better off saw progress in irrigation, pesticides and seed growth, other states that should have benefited as well were unable to. However, the rapid growth in these regions has enabled India to become much more self-sufficient and to avoid reliance on other countries for the large-scale importation of food products, in order to end the famine or famine.
Over the past 5-6 years, the development of the science and technology sector has taken place at a faster rate than usual. By prioritizing the twin sectors, the Indian government has solved multiple challenges related to agriculture.
By focusing on nutrition, seed development, and crop maintenance according to environmental conditions, science has helped massively improve yields and productivity. At the same time, irrigation projects that were started to a monumental level in the late 1970s have made a comeback this decade since new ways of doing things have emerged.
These irrigation methods have proven to be much more efficient and less time-consuming, and therefore a large number of irrigation projects that had been on hold for decades have been completed. Ensuring water security for farmers and protecting crops from disease, an adequate water supply has also helped farmers considerably.
Interestingly, the technology has helped get real-time information about weather forecasts and rain forecasts. Dual technology to get short-term weather updates along with long-term monsoon predictability has allowed farmers to decide when and what crops to grow based on these factors as well.
Although farmers have remained largely unrelated to the digital programs that the Indian government has been launching for the past decade or so, the past half decade has dramatically improved on this aspect of the connection between farmers and the community. technology.
A whole new concept in the mix was the application of information technology in agriculture – a concept called the “precision farming” method. This type of agriculture would ensure that remote sensing is used to carry out various operations such as finding the best tillage, applying fertilizer, harvesting methods, irrigation processes, etc. which reduces the costs. investments but intensively increases production.
Due to the small size of farms in India, precision agriculture has seen limited application in India. However, there is enormous potential as well as a way to increase sustainable agriculture in the country.
Recently, the Indian Council for Agricultural Research developed 35 varieties of special quality, which would lead to significantly higher productivity yield. In fact, these varieties are meant to be biofortified in the wild and also aim to seriously tackle the challenges of malnutrition and climate change.
By simply taking the farmer out of the crop-based income model, farmers now have the added incentive to add value to their crop productivity cycle through new ideas.
Many farmers went ahead and experimented with many new ideas, with the cushioning comfort of Indian government programs like seed fortification, Kisan credit cards, Kisan soil card as well as Kisan Samman. Nidhi. These plans and programs have helped farmers recklessly experiment with new methods to increase crop productivity as well.
Therefore, it has now become necessary to improve varieties of millet and other grains with new research models, with the aim that the same crop can be grown in areas where it has not been grown before as well. as needed at the time. It is only with the combined efforts of farmers and scientists that new challenges can be met with a strong response, problems such as malnutrition and climate change also being alleviated in time. – Agencies